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Diabetes and Vision

Are you aware that diabetes is the dominant precursor to impaired vision of adults between age twenty and seventy-four? As of 2008, over four million individuals in North America living with diabetes were subsequently diagnosed with blindness caused by diabetes. Out of those tested, seventy thousand suffered from advanced diabetic retinopathy, which may result in a complete loss of vision.

Exactly, should everyone get examined for diabetic retinopathy?

Having a diagnosis of diabetes is the first risk factor. One method to learn if you have diabetes related vision loss is to have your eye doctor perform an eye exam regularly. The longer the affliction remains unchecked, the stronger the risk of diabetes caused blindness. Timely treatment will go a long way in halting further deterioration.

Expectant mothers that have been afflicted with pregnancy-related diabetes have a stronger risk of contracting diabetic retinopathy. It is advisable to undergo a complete dilated eye examination after diagnosis as well.

You may wonder why all the worry? Wouldn't there be obvious symptoms if you were going blind?

The answer surprisingly is, not necessarily. There are many types of diabetic retinopathy, and only those in the advanced stages are noticeable. Advanced diabetes may have no signs. Macular edema is another diabetes related disease which results in serious blindness. Both conditions may appear without any obvious signs. This is why early detection is critical to preventing lasting damage.

An extensive examination will seek out indications of diabetic retinopathy. There are several parts to this exam which will detect the tell-tale symptoms, such as leaky blood vessels, swelling of the retina, the buildup of fatty deposits on the retina, and damaged nerve tissue. What is entailed in a complete vision exam?

Firstly, you will get a visual acuity examination by means of an eye chart which is used to measure how correctly you see at varying distances. This is just like the visual acuity tests given by optometrists, should you need glasses.

In a dilated eye exam, the eye doctor puts drops in your eyes to amplify the size of your pupils. Though not a particularly beloved test by most people, it can stop deterioration in your vision in subsequent years. This step makes it easier to monitor more of the interior portion of your eyes to check for distinct signs that show the presence of diabetic retinopathy. The cursory discomfort will probably save your ability to see.

Regularly monitor your eye sight. Even a little laziness might cause irreparable loss. If you are diabetic, it is necessary to plan an eye test with your eye doctor every year.